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Web 1.0

Web 1.0 (Web1) – The Early Internet Era

Web 1.0, also known as the Static Web, represents the initial stage of the internet’s development, spanning from the 1990s to the early 2000s. This term, initially not in use during its early days, was coined around 1999 by Darcy DiNucci, marking a pivotal moment in the history of the internet.

Origins and Characteristics:

  • Web 1.0 emerged with roots in the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and was envisioned as the future of digital communication and information sharing.
  • During this era, the internet primarily consisted of static, non-interactive web pages that were read-only in nature.
  • Users were passive consumers of content, as the interactivity we associate with the modern web had not yet been implemented.
  • Web 1.0 web pages lacked the visual aesthetics and user controls seen in today’s internet landscape.
  • Hyperlinks were used to connect web pages, but they did not offer the interactive experience we have today.
  • Interestingly, user input and interactions often occurred offline, a notable distinction from the dynamic, online interactions of today’s internet.

Key Characteristics:

  • Text-Heavy: Web 1.0 was text-centric, with limited multimedia elements.
  • Static Pages: Websites were primarily composed of static HTML pages with little dynamic content.
  • Limited Interactivity: User engagement was minimal, and websites were mostly informational and non-interactive.
  • Offline Interactions: Surprisingly, a significant portion of user input and interactions took place offline.
  • Proprietary HTML: Websites often employed proprietary HTML tags and lacked the standardized practices seen in later web versions.
  • Guestbooks: Common features included guestbooks for visitor comments and basic HTML emailing forms.
  • Read-Only Web: Web 1.0 is often referred to as the “read-only web” due to its lack of interactivity.

Transition to Web 2.0:

  • The shift from Web 1.0 to Web 2.0 occurred gradually as internet infrastructure improved.
  • Upgrades to servers and increased internet connection speeds for users contributed to this transition.
  • Web 2.0 introduced greater interactivity, user-generated content, and dynamic web applications, transforming the internet into the interactive platform we know today.


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